Lesson 10 – For Further Reading

March 2, 2009

Israel versus The Church

I.    The OT speaks much of Israel, the land and the people.  Almost the whole post-exilic period is about this.  The focus was on the Land, the Temple, the Laws, and being in obedience and faithful to the God who revealed Himself to these people.


  • 2 Kings 17:5-15, 18-19; Jeremiah 1:13-16; 2:1-13        Israel’s land was taken away and the Temple destroyed.
  • Amos 8:1-3        Punishment on the people and land.
  • Zerubbabel – rebuilt the Temple
  • Nehemiah – rebuilt the Walls (such a focus on the actual place of Jerusalem)

II.      The NT seems to silence the talk about the land and the people.  The focus is now about The Church (The family of Faith–Gentiles included) and being in Christ and faithfully becoming more like Him.


  • Ephesians 3:1-12      The Gentiles join into the riches of The Church
  • Romans 9:6-8         Not all Israel is Israel
  • Acts 3:24-26          Fulfillment of the prophecies to Abraham
  • Hebrews 12:18-24    Mount Zion and the City of the Living God.
  • Revelation 7:1-17    (9) The throne is filled with all nations.

The Temple

  • Revelation 19:15-19, The Temple and Ark of the Covenant are in heaven, not on Earth.
  • Acts 7:45-50, Stephen is stoned because of downplaying the Temple
  • 1 Cor. 3:16-17; 6:19-20; 2 Cor. 6:16, The Church = The Temple
  • Eph 2:19-22, Gentiles are part of the Temple of God
  • 1 Peter 2:4-5, The Church = priesthood (breaking down the Levi wall)
  • Romans 12:1, Bodies are a living sacrifice
  • Revelation 21:9-10, 22-22:5, Heaven is a scene w/o Israel, only the Lamb’s bride-The Church.

Sin, Judgment, and Mercy

I.    God takes disobedience seriously.  There was judgment on those whom He loved and was committed to.

Habakkuk (circa 612 B.C.) was shocked that God would judge His people by the means of an even less righteous people.  1:1-4, 12-14

Just as there is a common grace (rains on all) to all men, so the righteous, at times, endure the judgment of the unrighteous (Daniel, Nehemiah, Jeremiah, etc.).

Ezra was reading the Law and the leaders were interpreting.  Hear how they interpret God’s judgment on sin.

  • Nehemiah 9:5-8, 16-21, 26-31    A display of God’s long-suffering, Israel’s sin and God’s judgment.

II.    Nehemiah showed fear over God’s people going back into disobedience.  He was afraid of more judgment and a return to exile.  He repeatedly asked God to remember his own good deeds.

There was a fear of God repunishing the disobedience of the remnant:

  • Ezra 9:6-15     Ezra repents for the people and asks for God’s mercy
  • Nehemiah 13:14, 22, 29-30    Continually asks God to remember him even though God may repunish the remnant.
  • Corporate prayer, confession, ownership of sin, is very biblical.  You are not in this alone.  It is not just you and Jesus.

III.    God continually shows long suffering to his promises and mercy to the brokenhearted.

  • Isaiah 1:18; 40:1-5; 45:22; 49:15; 54:8

Messiah = ‘anointed’

  • A messiah was looked for to relieve the burdens of occupation of the Promised Land – The Day of the Lord.
  • The prophet’s words were read to direct them to the Messiah.
  • The lineage of David is key and yet it was minimized during the Roman rule.

The Messiah was going to be of David’s line, bring about an everlasting kingdom, and allow God’s people to dwell in the temple forever.

1.  Davidic Lineage on Throne
•    Genesis 49:10 – Scepter will not depart from Judah until Shiloh comes.
•    2 Samuel 7:12-16; Psalm 89:19-37; 132:11ff
•    Perpetual sovereignty to David’s house.

Fall of Israel and Judea

Prophets began to speak of the return of David’s house.
•    Amos 9:11-15  (mid-8th century B.C.)
•    Is. 9:6-7
•    Is. 42:1-9  (739-686 B.C.)
•    Is. 44:21-28
•    Ez. 34:23; 37:24-37 (2 Cor. 6:16)

2.  The Day of Yahweh
A day when the ideal is realized and the vindication of Yahweh’s cause in the world would bring security for His people.  This was partial fulfilled by Zerubbabel.
•    Is. 11:1-10
•    Jeremiah 23:5-8; 33:14-22 / Zechariah 6:12-15

The Messiah would completely fulfill the prophecy.
•    Isaiah 40:1-5; 42:1-9
•    Luke 1:67-79,  Zechariah’s hymn

Israel was thinking more about a Messiah around the birth of Jesus than ever before in their history.

Post-Exilic Israel

Events / Places / People

  • Israel (Northern Kingdom) Captivity – Assyria (722 B.C.)
  • Judah (Southern Kingdom) Captivity – Babylon (586 B.C.)
  • Daniel Deported (605 B.C.)
  • Medo-Persian Empire conquers Babylon (539 B.C.)
  • Temple rebuilding began by Zerubbabel under Cyrus’ proclamation (536 B.C.)
  • Temple is finished (516 B.C.)
  • Darius I turned back from Greece at Marathon (490 B.C.)
  • Xerxes is turned back from Greece at Thermoplyae & Salamis (480 B.C.)
  • Xerxes marries Esther (479 B.C.)
  • Esther protects the Jews from genocide (479-473 B.C.)
  • Ezra leads second return in 458 B.C.
  • Nehemiah began to rebuild Jerusalem’s walls under Artaxerxes I (445 B.C.)
  • Alexander the Great conquers the empire of Persia and beyond (334-323 B.C.)
  • The Ptolomies rule Judea (323-198 B.C.) – Jews prosper
  • The Seleucidae rule Judea (198-166 B.C.) – Persecutions
  • The Maccabees gain independence for Judea (166-135 B.C.)
  • The Hasmoneans serve as Rome’s appointed rulers over Judea (135-63 B.C.)
  • Herod The Great rules over Judea (37-4 B.C.)

Lesson 6 – For Further Reading

January 27, 2009

Prophecies of King David in Psalms
Fulfilled in Jesus Christ and His Church

1.    The Messiah would also be rejected by Gentiles.
•    Psalm 2:1 / Acts 4:25-28
2.    Political/religious leaders would conspire against the Messiah.
•    Psalm 2:2 / Matthew 26:3-4; Mark 3:6
3.    The Messiah would be King of the Jews.
•    Psalm 2:6 / John 12:12-13; 18:32
4.    The Messiah would be the Son of God.
•    Psalm 2:7a / Luke 1:31-35; Matthew 3:16-17; Hebrews 1:5-6
5.    The Messiah would reveal that He was the Son of God.
•    Psalm 2:7b / John 9:35-37
6.    The Messiah would be raised from the dead and be crowned King.
•    Psalm 2:7c    / Acts 13:30-33; Romans 1:3-4
7.    The Messiah would ask God for His inheritance.
•    Psalm 2:8a / John 17:4-24
8.    The Messiah would have complete authority over all things.
•    Psalm 2:8b / Matthew 28:18; Hebrews 1:1-2
9.    The Messiah would not acknowledge those who did not believe in Him.
•    Psalm 2:12 / John 3:36
10.    Infants would give praise to the Messiah.
•    Psalm 8:2 / Matthew 21:15-16
11.    The Messiah would have complete authority over all things.
•    Psalm 8:6 / Matthew 28:18
12.    The Messiah would be resurrected.
•    Psalm 16:8-10a / Matthew 28:6; Acts 2:25-32
13.    The Messiah’s body would not see corruption (natural decay).
•    Psalm 16:8-10b / Acts 13:35-37
14.    The Messiah would be glorified into the presence of God.
•    Psalm 16:11 / Acts 2:25-33
15.    The Messiah would come for all people.
•    Psalm 18:49 / Ephesians 3:4-6
16.    The Messiah would cry out to God.
•    Psalm 22:1a / Matthew 27:46
17.    The Messiah would be forsaken by God at His crucifixion.
•    Psalm 22:1b / Mark 15:34
18.    The Messiah would pray without ceasing before His death.
•    Psalm 22:2 / Matthew 26:38-39
19.    The Messiah would be despised and rejected by His own.
•    Psalm 22:6 / Luke 23:21-23
20.    The Messiah would be made a mockery.
•    Psalm 22:7 / Matthew 27:39
21.    Unbelievers would say to the Messiah, “He trusted in God, let Him now deliver Him.”
•    Psalm 22:8 / Matthew 27:41-43
22.    The Messiah would know His Father from childhood.
•    Psalm 22:9 / Luke 2:40
23.    The Messiah would be called by God while in the womb.
•    Psalm 22:10 / Luke 1:30-33
24.    The Messiah would be abandoned by His disciples.
•    Psalm 22:11 / Mark 14:50
25.    The Messiah would be encompassed by evil spirits.
•    Psalm 22:12-13 / Colossians 2:15
26.    The Messiah’s body would emit blood & water.
•    Psalm 22:14a / John 19:34
27.    The Messiah would be crucified.
•    Psalm 22:14b / Matthew 27:35
28.    The Messiah would thirst while dying.
•    Psalm 22:15a / John 19:28
29.    The Messiah would thirst just prior to His death.
•    Psalm 22:15b / John 19:30
30.    The Messiah would be observed by Gentiles at His crucifixion.
•    Psalm 22:16a / Luke 23:36
31.    The Messiah would be observed by Jews at His crucifixion.
•    Psalm 22:16b / Matthew 27:41-43
32.    Messiah crucified: Both the Messiah’s hands and feet would be pierced.
•    Psalm 22:16c / Matthew 27:38
33.    The Messiah’s bones would not be broken.
•    Psalm 22:17a / John 19:32-33
34.    The Messiah would be viewed by many during His crucifixion.
•    Psalm 22:17b / Luke 23:35
35.    The Messiah’s garments would be parted among the soldiers.
•    Psalm 22:18a / John 19:23-24
36.    The soldiers would cast lots for the Messiah’s clothes.
•    Psalm 22:18b / John 19:23-24
37.    The Messiah’s atonement would enable believers to receive salvation.
•    Psalm 22:22 / Hebrews 2:10-12; Matthew 12:50; John 20:14
38.    The Messiah’s enemies would stumble and fall.
•    Psalm 27:2 / John 18:3-6
39.    The Messiah would be accused by false witnesses.
•    Psalm 27:12 / Matthew 26:59-61
40.    The Messiah would cry out to God “Into thy hands I commend my spirit.”
•    Psalm 31:5 / Luke 23:46
41.    There would be many attempts to kill the Messiah.
•    Psalm 31:13 / Matthew 27:1
42.    The Messiah would have no bones broken.
•    Psalm 34:20 / John 19:32-33
43.    The Messiah would be accused by many false witnesses.
•    Psalm 35:11 / Mark 14:55-59
44.    The Messiah would be hated without cause.
•    Psalm 35:19 / John 18:19-23; 15:24-25
45.    The Messiah would be silent as a lamb before His accusers.
•    Psalm 38:13-14 / Matthew 26:62-63
46.    The Messiah would be God’s sacrificial lamb for redemption of all mankind.
•    Psalm 40:6-8a / Hebrews 10:10-13
47.    The Messiah would reveal that the Hebrew scriptures were written of Him.
•    Psalm 40:6-8b / Luke 24:44; John 5:39-40
48.    The Messiah would do God’s (His Father) will.
•    Psalm 40:7-8 / John 5:30
49.    The Messiah would not conceal His mission from believing people.
•    Psalm 40:9-10 / Luke 4:16-21
50.    The Messiah would be betrayed by one of His own disciples.
•    Psalm 41:9 / Mark 14:17-18
51.    The Messiah would communicate a message of mercy.
•    Psalm 45:2 / Luke 4:22
52.    The Messiah’s throne would be eternal.
•    Psalm 45:6-7a / Luke 1:31-33; Hebrews 1:8-9
53.    The Messiah would be God.
•    Psalm 45:6-7b / Hebrews 1:8-9
54.    The Messiah would act with righteousness.
•    Psalm 45:6-7c / John 5:30
55.    The Messiah would be betrayed by one of His own disciples.
•    Psalm 55:12-14 / Luke 22:47-48
56.    The Messiah would ascend back into heaven.
•    Psalm 68:18a / Luke 24:51; Ephesians 4:8
57.    The Messiah would give good gifts unto believing men.
•    Psalm 68:18b / Matthew 10:1; Ephesians 4:7-11
58.    The Messiah would be hated and rejected without cause.
•    Psalm 69:4 / Luke 23:13-22; John 15:24-25
59.    The Messiah would be condemned for God’s sake.
•    Psalm 69:7 / Matt. 26:65-67
60.    The Messiah would be rejected by the Jews.
•    Psalm 69:8a / John 1:11
61.    The Messiah’s very own brothers would reject Him.
•    Psalm 69:8b / John 7:3-5
62.    The Messiah would become angry due to unethical practices by the Jews in the temple.
•    Psalm 69:9a / John 2:13-17
63.    The Messiah would be condemned for God’s sake.
•    Psalm 69:9b / Romans 15:3
64.    The Messiah’s heart would be broken.
•    Psalm 69:20a / John 19:34
65.    The Messiah’s disciples would abandon Him just prior to His death.
•    Psalm 69:20b / Mark 14:33-41
66.    The Messiah would be offered gall mingled with vinegar while dying.
•    Psalm 69:21a / Matthew 27:34
67.    The Messiah would thirst while dying.
•    Psalm 69:21b / John 19:28
68.    The potters field would be uninhabited (Field of Blood).
•    Psalm 69:25 / Acts 1:16-20
69.    The Messiah would teach in parables.
•    Psalm 78:2 / Mat.13:34-35
70.    The Messiah would be exalted to the right hand of God.
•    Psalm 80:17 / Acts 5:31
71.    The Messiah would come form the lineage of David.
•    Psalm 89:3-4 / Matthew 1:1
72.    The Messiah would call God His Father.
•    Psalm 89:26 / Matthew 11:27
73.    The Messiah would be God’s only “begotten” Son.
•    Psalm 89:27 / Mark 16:6; Colossians 1:18; Revelation 1:5
74.    The Messiah would come from the lineage of David.
•    Psalm 89:29 / Matthew 1:1
75.    The Messiah would come from the lineage of David.
•    Psalm 89:35-36 / Matthew 1:1
76.    The Messiah would be eternal.
•    Psalm 102:25-27a / Revelation 1:8; Hebrews 1:10-12
77.    The Messiah would be the creator of all things.
•    Psalm 102:25-27b / John 1:3; Ephesians 3:9; Hebrews 1:10-12
78.    The Messiah would calm the stormy sea.
•    Psalm 107:28-29 / Matthew 8:24-26
79.    The Messiah would be accused by many false witnesses.
•    Psalm 109:2 / John 18:29-30
80.    The Messiah would offer up prayer for His enemies.
•    Psalm 109:4 / Luke 23:34
81.    The Messiah’s betrayer (Judas) would have a short life.
•    Psalm 109:8a / Acts 1:16-18; John 17:12
82.    The Messiah’s betrayer would be replaced by another.
•    Psalm 109:8b / Acts 1:20-26
83.    The Messiah would be mocked by many.
•    Psalm 109:25 / Mark 15:29-30
84.    The Messiah would be Lord and King.
•    Psalm 110:1a / Mat. 22:41-45
85.    The Messiah would be exalted to the right hand of God.
•    Psalm 110:1b / Mark 16:19; Mat. 22:41-46
86.    The Messiah would be a Priest after the order of Melchizedek.
•    Psalm 110:4 / Hebrews 6:17-20
87.    The Messiah would be exalted to the right hand of God.
•    Psalm 110:5 / 1 Peter 3:21-22
88.    The Messiah would be the “Stone” rejected by the builders (Jews).
•    Psalm 118:22 / Mat.21:42-43
89.    The Messiah would come in the name of the Lord.
•    Psalm 118:26 / Matthew 21:9
90.    The Messiah would come from the lineage of David.
•    Psalm 132:11 / Matthew 1:1
91.    The Messiah would come from the lineage of David.
•    Psalm 132:17 / Matthew 1:1; Luke 1:68-70


God Dwelling in the Garden – God was able to walk with Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden.  In the garden man was able to swell where he was intended: in God’s presence.  Genesis 2:8

After the Garden and Before Egypt – Due to man’s sin and rebellion, God withdrew His presence and forced man from paradise.  However, God’s intentions were to remedy the situation, only it would take years.  He chose a person, Abram, and gave him a promise (Gen. 12:1-3).  Abram would be the father of a great nation (Israel), chosen by God to bless the whole world.  This nation would be the key to God bringing mankind back into intimate relationship with Him.

The Tabernacle – After God’s chosen people left Egypt and wandered in the wilderness, God designed a place (the Tabernacle) where He would dwell with them.  It was designed by Him and would be a very Holy Place.  After the Tabernacle was made to God specifications, His glory descended as a cloud to the Holy of Holies.
1.    Specifications – Exodus 25:1-9
2.    Walls (150’ x 75’)
3.    Holy Place (15’ x 20’) – Showbread, incense, candelabra
4.    Most Holy Place (15’ x 15’) – ark (manna, Aaron’s rod, Ten Commandments)
5.    Glory of the Lord descends – Exodus 40:34-38

The Temple (David and Solomon) – After God’s people had settled in the promised land, King David desires to build a permanent structure for God’s Glory.  Instead of the Tabernacle made as a tent, David desires a Temple of stone and precious metals.  Due to David being one who shed blood, God would not allow him to build it however, David’s son was granted the privilege.  King Solomon built the Temple in Jerusalem, on the site of Mount Moriah.  This mount is mentioned as the place where Abraham attempted to sacrifice his son Isaac.  It was also the plot of land that David purchased from Ornan the Jebusite so he could set up an altar and offer burnt offerings to the Lord (1 Chron. 21:18-29).

1.    David desires to build a temple – 2 Samuel 7:1-3
2.    God promises David an eternal house – 2 Sam. 7:4-17
3.    David purchased land on Mt. Moriah to build an altar.  This would be the place of the temple.  It was also the place where Abraham attempted to sacrifice Isaac – Genesis 22; 1 Chron. 21:18-22; 2 Chron. 3:1
4.    David prevented from building the temple – his son would do it – 1 Chron. 22:5-16
5.    Solomon builds the temple – 1 Kings 6
6.    Ark and God’s presence come to the temple – 1 Kings 8
7.    Dedication of the Temple – 1 Kings 8:22-66

The Future of the Temple (its destruction and rebuilding will be studied later)

The Temple of Flesh – The New Testament speaks of Jesus as The Temple (the presence of God indwelling a human being).  It also clarifies that the Church is Christ’s body.  Therefore, the church is the New Temple –the Body of Christ and indwelt with the Holy Spirit.  In addition the Church can serve the priestly functions of the temple by offering sacrifices.  These sacrifices are a holy life.  Believers looked forward to the day when they are given a glorified body and, once again, swell face-to-face with God.  In this New Heaven and New Earth there will be no temple . . . only the glory of the Lord and His Presence!

1.    Jesus as the perfect Temple – John 2:19-20
2.    The Church as the body of Christ – 1 Corinthians 6:19-20
3.    The Church as the temple of God – 1 Cor. 6:16
4.    The Church indwelt with the Holy Spirit – Eph. 2:19-22
5.    The Church as priests offering sacrifices – 1 Peter 2:5
6.    The Church offering sacrifices – Romans 12:1-2; Hebrews 13:15-16
7.    The New Jerusalem without a temple, only the Presence of the Lord – Rev. 21:1, 22-27

Lesson 5 – For Further Reading

January 18, 2009

How could the warfare in which the Israelites participate in Joshua be right?

One of the most common and challenging questions encountered in the Old Testament is the issue of Holy War. God commands the Israelites in Deuteronomy 20:16-17::

“But in the cities of these peoples that the LORD your God is giving you for an inheritance, you shall save alive nothing that breathes, 17 but you shall devote them to complete destruction, the Hittites and the Amorites, the Canaanites and the Perizzites, the Hivites and the Jebusites, as the LORD your God has commanded…”

Naturally, when someone reads this today, shock and horror are common responses, especially among the compassionate. How could God command the destruction of an entire people? This sounds like God-sanctioned genocide! By the time you get to the word genocide, there is a lot of emotion involved. In a culture today that sees very little as wrong, genocide is one of the undisputed evils virtually everyone agrees on. So how do we answer the question posed by the command of God and the actions of the Israelites in Joshua (& in 1 Samuel 15). Why would God do such a thing?

1) The destruction of these people was not genocide. They were not being killed for their ethnicity, but for their idolatry. Depending on who you are talking to, this may not be the most persuasive or helpful point, but it is true. God showed mercy to Rahab & her family because she showed faith. God showed mercy to Ruth, the Moabitess, and included her even in the genealogy of David, and ultimately of Jesus.  As we saw before, God loves the nations, and desires to bless all the nations through Abraham.

2) To allow these people to coexist with Israel would lead to Israel learning all of their wicked practices. This is the reason immediately given for the destruction in Deuteronomy 20:18:

“that they may not teach you to do according to all their abominable practices that they have done for their gods, and so you sin against the LORD your God.”

If you doubt that is a real danger, realize that is exactly what happened to Israel. They failed to drive the people out fully, and so their worship of false gods became a snare to Israel.

3) The destruction of these people was judgment from God. It was not merely to make room for the Israelites. Proof of this is God’s patience, for which the people of Israel had to wait 400 years before they would be permitted to enter the land. As God explained to Abraham in Genesis 15:16:

“And they (Abraham’s descendants) shall come back here in the fourth generation, for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet complete.”

4) Our present-day situation is different. God has made it known that Christians are to advance his kingdom through peaceful means. In John 18:36, Jesus said to Pilate, My kingdom is not of this world—if it was, my servants would be fighting. Jesus makes it clear that his kingdom will come through a different type of conquest. We are not to kill for Jesus. We are in a period of peace, and we are God’s ambassadors (2 Cor 5:18-21). To be an ambassador means that we are to go into foreign and hostile territory, and to represent our king. Our job is to plead with men during this time of peace that they would be reconciled to God. Be certain that God promises that one day every knee will bow, every tongue will confess Jesus Christ is Lord. (Philippians 2:11) Our prayer is that they do it willingly, rather than as conquered enemies at the end of all things. Jesus is coming back, and when he returns he will not come as a humble carpenter, but as a mighty warrior (Revelation 19:11-21). God alone has the righteousness to wage a truly holy war.

Lesson 2 – For Further Reading

January 12, 2009

Old Testament Survey
Lesson 2—Genesis, Creation and the Fall

1. Brief Review of OT Book Sections, Pentateuch & The Situation of the Israelites
2. The first book of the Old Testament is: Genesis
3. What does the word Genesis mean? Beginnings

4. What begins in Genesis? (See handout)
5. Two crucial keys in the Israelites understanding
A) Genesis 1,2: Creation—Man was made in God’s image (Genesis 1:26-27)
B) Genesis 3:    The Fall—Man has sinned and received God’s curse
Despite incredibly long lives, Genesis 5 reveals the truth of Genesis 2:17—man separated from God begins to die.

6. Mingled with the curse is the promise of redemption (Genesis 3:15)

“And I will put enmity Between you and the woman, And between your seed and her seed; He shall 1bruise you on the head, And you shall bruise him on the heel.”

7. Two lines: The righteous Abel / Seth and Unrighteous Cain

Lamech said to his wives: “Adah and Zillah, hear my voice; you wives of Lamech, listen to what I say: I have killed a man for wounding me, a young man for striking me. 24 If Cain’s revenge is sevenfold, then Lamech’s is seventy-sevenfold.” 25 And Adam knew his wife again, and she bore a son and called his name Seth, for she said, “God has appointed1 for me another offspring instead of Abel, for Cain killed him.” 26 To Seth also a son was born, and he called his name Enosh. At that time people began to call upon the name of the LORD.

(Indicating that Cain’s line did not call upon God for help, but made their own law and notions of justice.)

Growing corruption—Lamech an indication of the growing lawlessness of men

8. Judgment of the Flood—Because of the wickedness of men, but not the cure to the wickedness of men. (Compare Genesis 6:5-7 with 8:20-22)

Genesis 6:5-7: Then the LORD saw that the wickedness of man was great on the earth, and that every intent of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. 6 And the LORD was sorry that He had made man on the earth, and He was grieved in His heart. 7 And the LORD said, “I will blot out man whom I have created from the face of the land, from man to animals to creeping things and to birds of the sky; for I am sorry that I have made them.”

Genesis 8:20-22: Then Noah built an altar to the LORD, and took of every clean animal and of every clean bird and offered burnt offerings on the altar. 21 And the LORD smelled the soothing aroma; and the LORD said to Himself, “I will never again curse the ground on account of man, for the intent of man’s heart is evil from his youth; and I will never again destroy every living thing, as I have done. 22 “While the earth remains, Seedtime and harvest, And cold and heat, And summer and winter, And day and night Shall not cease.”

9. Proof That the Flood did not fix the problem:
Even if all but one family of men are wiped out, sin resurfaces. Additionally, for the Israelites, the first passage explains the curse upon the Canaanites and the second the diversity of languages and nations.

A) Genesis 9:18-27—The sin of Ham, the Father of Canaan
Now the sons of Noah who came out of the ark were Shem and Ham and Japheth; and Ham was the father of Canaan. 19 These three were the sons of Noah; and from these the whole earth was populated. 20 Then Noah began farming and planted a vineyard. 21 And he drank of the wine and became drunk, and uncovered himself inside his tent. 22 And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brothers outside. 23 But Shem and Japheth took a garment and laid it upon both their shoulders and walked backward and covered the nakedness of their father; and their faces were 1turned away, so that they did not see their father’s nakedness. 24 When Noah awoke from his wine, he knew what his youngest son had done to him. 25 So he said, “Cursed be Canaan; A servant of servants He shall be to his brothers.” 26 He also said, “Blessed be the LORD, The God of Shem; And let Canaan be his servant. 27 “May God enlarge Japheth, And let him dwell in the tents of Shem; And let Canaan be his servant.”

B) Genesis 11—The Tower of Babel—Men reject the basic command of God to be fruitful and multiply, to fill the earth and Subdue it. God confuses them so as to force their scattering, and to keep them from fully organizing their rebellion against him. This provides the time God needs to work His plan.

10. So what is the answer? God is going to start with one man, Abraham, from the righteous line of Seth and of Noah. We may not know how God is going to crush the head of the serpent yet, but that is the hope men live with. The Israelites would know that God had made them, that mankind had sinned and fallen, and that through a faithful line of people God was working to restore the world. We will see this begin to take shape next time.

1)    Genesis: Beginnings
2)    Outline of Genesis