Old Testament Survey
Lesson 2—Genesis, Creation and the Fall
1. Brief Review of OT Book Sections, Pentateuch & The Situation of the Israelites
2. The first book of the Old Testament is: Genesis
3. What does the word Genesis mean? Beginnings
4. What begins in Genesis? (See handout)
5. Two crucial keys in the Israelites understanding
A) Genesis 1,2: Creation—Man was made in God’s image (Genesis 1:26-27)
B) Genesis 3: The Fall—Man has sinned and received God’s curse
Despite incredibly long lives, Genesis 5 reveals the truth of Genesis 2:17—man separated from God begins to die.
6. Mingled with the curse is the promise of redemption (Genesis 3:15)
“And I will put enmity Between you and the woman, And between your seed and her seed; He shall 1bruise you on the head, And you shall bruise him on the heel.”
7. Two lines: The righteous Abel / Seth and Unrighteous Cain
Lamech said to his wives: “Adah and Zillah, hear my voice; you wives of Lamech, listen to what I say: I have killed a man for wounding me, a young man for striking me. 24 If Cain’s revenge is sevenfold, then Lamech’s is seventy-sevenfold.” 25 And Adam knew his wife again, and she bore a son and called his name Seth, for she said, “God has appointed1 for me another offspring instead of Abel, for Cain killed him.” 26 To Seth also a son was born, and he called his name Enosh. At that time people began to call upon the name of the LORD.
(Indicating that Cain’s line did not call upon God for help, but made their own law and notions of justice.)
Growing corruption—Lamech an indication of the growing lawlessness of men
8. Judgment of the Flood—Because of the wickedness of men, but not the cure to the wickedness of men. (Compare Genesis 6:5-7 with 8:20-22)
Genesis 6:5-7: Then the LORD saw that the wickedness of man was great on the earth, and that every intent of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. 6 And the LORD was sorry that He had made man on the earth, and He was grieved in His heart. 7 And the LORD said, “I will blot out man whom I have created from the face of the land, from man to animals to creeping things and to birds of the sky; for I am sorry that I have made them.”
Genesis 8:20-22: Then Noah built an altar to the LORD, and took of every clean animal and of every clean bird and offered burnt offerings on the altar. 21 And the LORD smelled the soothing aroma; and the LORD said to Himself, “I will never again curse the ground on account of man, for the intent of man’s heart is evil from his youth; and I will never again destroy every living thing, as I have done. 22 “While the earth remains, Seedtime and harvest, And cold and heat, And summer and winter, And day and night Shall not cease.”
9. Proof That the Flood did not fix the problem:
Even if all but one family of men are wiped out, sin resurfaces. Additionally, for the Israelites, the first passage explains the curse upon the Canaanites and the second the diversity of languages and nations.
A) Genesis 9:18-27—The sin of Ham, the Father of Canaan
Now the sons of Noah who came out of the ark were Shem and Ham and Japheth; and Ham was the father of Canaan. 19 These three were the sons of Noah; and from these the whole earth was populated. 20 Then Noah began farming and planted a vineyard. 21 And he drank of the wine and became drunk, and uncovered himself inside his tent. 22 And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brothers outside. 23 But Shem and Japheth took a garment and laid it upon both their shoulders and walked backward and covered the nakedness of their father; and their faces were 1turned away, so that they did not see their father’s nakedness. 24 When Noah awoke from his wine, he knew what his youngest son had done to him. 25 So he said, “Cursed be Canaan; A servant of servants He shall be to his brothers.” 26 He also said, “Blessed be the LORD, The God of Shem; And let Canaan be his servant. 27 “May God enlarge Japheth, And let him dwell in the tents of Shem; And let Canaan be his servant.”
B) Genesis 11—The Tower of Babel—Men reject the basic command of God to be fruitful and multiply, to fill the earth and Subdue it. God confuses them so as to force their scattering, and to keep them from fully organizing their rebellion against him. This provides the time God needs to work His plan.
10. So what is the answer? God is going to start with one man, Abraham, from the righteous line of Seth and of Noah. We may not know how God is going to crush the head of the serpent yet, but that is the hope men live with. The Israelites would know that God had made them, that mankind had sinned and fallen, and that through a faithful line of people God was working to restore the world. We will see this begin to take shape next time.
1) Genesis: Beginnings
2) Outline of Genesis